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130 Wood Street, London, EC2V 6DL
enquiries@buzzacott.co.uk    T +44 (0)20 7556 1200

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Sale & Purchase Agreement (SPA)

Our transaction service team are experts in advising on SPAs. We’ll work closely with your legal advisors to ensure what is commercially agreed upon is what ends up on paper.
Specialist advice to facilitate closing a deal

Specialist advice to facilitate closing a deal

The Sale & Purchase Agreement is the key document for any transaction. Our Transaction Services team can facilitate its drafting alongside your legal advisors, where our financial and commercial insights are instrumental to reaching the desired outcome. We draw on our experience from working on hundreds of transactions to make sure the key points are fully understood by all parties involved.

The majority of our advice is in the following areas:

  • Heads of Terms / Letter of Intent / Offer Letter – we often advise at the early stage of the transaction and can run various scenarios to show the impact of the agreed terms

  • SPA definitions – we can provide and edit the definitions in the SPA to ensure the deal matches the commercial reality. Subtle wording differences can have a big impact and we’re experts in understanding this, advising, and importantly explaining our findings.

  • Negotiation – however well the initial offer is drafted, there are always points to be negotiated. We have advised on deals where there are very large swings on the purchase price depending on our input. We bring together our findings during the due diligence exercise to reach the best outcome for our clients. The most frequent areas we negotiate on are:

    • The true Revenues or EBITDA of the Target, including adjustments to these figures for exceptional or non-maintainable items.

    • Most deals are conducted on a cash free debt free basis, the definition of which varies greatly between companies. Using our transaction experience, we work to determine the definition of ‘free cash’, debt and normalised working capital. 

  • Consideration –The consideration is arguably the most important section of the SPA. In some cases, this can be a fixed number, however more often than not, there are estimated figures, true-ups, earn-outs and deferred elements. We can decipher and communicate what the agreed position is to ensure there are no surprises when it comes to the completion date.

  • Completion Mechanism – how the deal completes in terms of timing and adjustments is unique for each transaction. Whether a locked-box or completion mechanism is used, we have all the tools and knowledge for you to be able to align the SPA with the commercial intention of the transaction.

  • Post-deal support – we can review the final completion accounts, provide earn-out workings and assist with any disputes raised.

“I would like to give special recognition to James, whose exceptional skill and expertise were instrumental in bringing both sides of the transaction together. His comprehensive knowledge of the M&A process, coupled with his excellent negotiation skills, played a crucial role in ensuring a smooth and successful acquisition. Without James' guidance and support, the deal would not have been possible. Thank you, James, for your exceptional contribution to our success."

- Suman Datta

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If you want to minimize tax risks and maximize deal value, contact us to learn more about our Sale & Purchase Agreement service. We offer a free consultation to discuss your needs and provide you with a customised quote. Let us help you make informed decisions and achieve your business objectives.

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