Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme fraud | Check and disclose

With HMRC setting its sights on recuperating erroneous or fraudulent furlough claims, businesses should review the accuracy of their claims and disclose any overpayments to HMRC or face the possibility of penalties, even if the claims were made innocently.

Get specialist tax investigation help today: +44 (0)20 7710 3389

However you feel about the way the UK government has handled the COVID-19 pandemic, many would argue that the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) has been a flagship support measure designed to provide vital financial assistance to both employers and employees, thus avoiding large scale redundancies. According to figures released in early July, the CJRS supported 9.4m jobs across 1.1m employers, at a cost of £27.4bn. More recent estimates suggest that the CJRS is likely to have cost more than £35bn.

Suspected fraudulent claims

Suspected fraudulent claims

HMRC’s Chief Executive, Jim Harra, revealed that HMRC has assumed ‘for the purposes of planning’, that between 5% and 10% of the sums it has paid out were based on erroneous or fraudulent claims. The ‘planning’ Mr Harra was referring to involved not only recovering up to £3.5bn of overpayments but also punishing those responsible for deliberately submitting fraudulent claims.

It has been announced that HMRC is looking into 27,000 ‘high-risk’ claims, and a number of people, including an accountant, have already been arrested in association with fraudulent furlough claims. With Downing Street confirming that the UK will be doing “everything possible” to recover any money that was incorrectly claimed, it seems highly likely that HMRC will dedicate a great deal of resource to tackling any abuse of the various COVID-19 support schemes.

Check, disclose, pay-back

Check, disclose, pay-back

It is encouraging that HMRC has already acknowledged that not every incorrect claim will have been made with the intention of defrauding. However, HMRC has confirmed that irrespective of whether overpayment claims were made innocently or deliberately, it will be seeking to recover any sums that should not have been paid. In addition, if an employer over-claimed a CJRS grant but hasn’t yet repaid it, they should notify HMRC by the latest of the following notification period dates:

  • 90 days after the employer receives the CJRS grant to which it is not entitled
  • 90 days after the day circumstances changed so that the employer was no longer entitled to keep the CJRS grant
  • 20 October 2020


If HMRC has not received notification of the overpayment by the relevant date and considers you knew you were not entitled to your grant, HMRC will treat this as deliberate and concealed behaviour. HMRC will be entitled to charge a penalty of up to 100% of the overpayment that the employer received and could publish your details as a deliberate defaulter.

HMRC will take account of your knowledge at the time of the offence when adjudicating the level of penalty, but unlike with existing inaccuracy penalties, HMRC has no legislative power to offer penalty suspension. Consequently, even entirely innocent errors could potentially result in employers being detrimentally affected if the position is not rectified and robust representations are not made regarding your knowledge of any over claim. 

Employers really ought to be testing the accuracy of their claims and making disclosures where appropriate. The importance of framing your disclosure correctly cannot be stressed enough. In cases where HMRC does not accept that the disclosure is complete, it may still charge financial penalties, and even consider criminal prosecution if it determines that the disclosure was knowingly submitted inaccurately.  

How we can help

How we can help

Buzzacott’s award-winning Tax Investigations and Dispute Resolution team have built a reputation for making expert disclosures on behalf of clients. Our expert knowledge of HMRC’s policy and procedures means that our clients regularly avoid unnecessary penalties. For a free and entirely confidential discussion regarding how we can help you correct any inaccuracies in your CJRS claims, please do not hesitate to give us a call on +44 (0)20 7710 3389.

A very professional approach that the client and I am certain HMRC appreciate in terms of efficiency. In my case, Buzzacott’s approach has put my mind in a better state than before I approached them.
Accountant – Professional referral

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