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2018 US Tax Year End Planning: Utilising unused 2018 allowances or deferring income to 2019.

Depending on the individual's tax brackets, the tax rates on long term capital gains and qualified dividends ranges from 0% - 20%. The tax rates on ordinary income range from 0%-37%.

Spreading income over two tax years

Depending on the individuals tax brackets, the tax rates on long term capital gains and qualified dividends ranges from 0% - 20%. The tax rates on ordinary income range from 0%-37%.

Individuals can deduct capital losses of up to $3,000 (against income) with any excess loss carried forward. Should you wish to reinvest in the same stock, it is best to do so either 30 days before or 30 days after the sale to avoid wash sale rules which would disallow the loss.

What should I do?

By spreading capital gains/income between tax years, you can abstain from incurring spikes in income, which may push gains/income into the higher tax brackets. This may help minimise the total tax paid for those tax years. Individuals may also want to consider realising some capital losses to reduce tax on other investment income and gains. Do always consider the US and UK tax impact of your tax and investment planning.

 

Net Investment Income Tax (NIIT) 

You may continue incur an additional tax of 3.8% on unearned investment income, where your modified adjusted gross income exceeds the following thresholds:

Filing Status

Threshold Amount

Married filing jointly

$250,000

Married filing separately

$125,000

Single

$200,000

Head of household (with qualifying person)

$200,000

Qualifying widow(er) with dependent child

$250,000

What should I do?

By spreading investment income across a number of years or offsetting it by above the line deductions, you can prevent the requirement of paying the additional 3.8% NIIT by keeping your total income under the NIIT thresholds. You could consider paying a dividend or realising capital losses to do this. 

 

We recommend that individuals seek professional advice where appropriate before taking any action, so please fill out the form below if you have any questions. 

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